Neurologic Conditions

 

Neuropsychology is a specialty within psychology focusing on how learning and behaviors are associated with brain development, organization, and functioning. A neuropsychological assessment is a comprehensive and in-depth evaluation of an individual’s processing abilities (memory, attention, sensory perception, motor skills, language, and behavioral and emotional functioning). Patterns of strengths and weaknesses in skills are interpreted from a brain-behavior point of view.


Neuropsychological assessments provide detailed information about an individual’s functioning in many areas that help guide intervention strategies at home, in school, and in the community. A neuropsychological assessment is in-depth in that it breaks down skills into the underlying abilities or components. This information assists in identifying subtle or specific strengths and weaknesses, from which detailed recommendations for intervention, educational, and vocational planning can be developed.

A neuropsychological assessment may be helpful when there is:

  • A known or suspected neurological disorder such as hydrocephalus, cerebral palsy, epilepsy/ seizure disorder, neurofibromatosis, tuberous sclerosis, or a brain tumor.

  • A need to obtain baseline testing or monitor progress during medical interventions such as chemotherapy.

  • A brain injury as a result of a recent or past head injury, a stroke, or an infection of the brain.

  • A medical problem that may affect the individual’s learning or behavior such as diabetes, chronic heart or respiratory problems, certain genetic disorders, or treatment for childhood cancer.

  • A concern about exposure to toxins such as lead, street drugs, inhalants, or exposure to toxins or alcohol prior to birth.

  • Minimal progress toward educational goals or an unexpected decline in academic or cognitive functioning.